14 Things I Learned/Discovered In Ho Chi Minh City

a statue of a man in front of a building

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I’ve just returned from a short but fun trip to Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam and thanks to some good tours, friendly locals, a bit of personal experience and a little bit of reading I discovered a variety of things about the city and the country that I never knew before – here are 14 of the things that I learned and that spring to mind (there are probably a lot more).

Wait Times At Arrivals Immigration Can Be Bad

The arrivals immigration hall at Ho Chi Minh City’s airport was incredibly busy when I arrived (at around 2pm) as a number of long-haul flights had landed at approximately the same time. I was the first person from my flight to get to immigration, but it still took me almost exactly 40 minutes before I got through to the baggage reclaim area.

Things were much better on the return journey – It took me just 15 minutes to pass through immigration and security on my way out of Vietnam.

a group of people in a room with luggage

You Can’t Believe Google’s Numbers

If you use Google to search for the population of Ho Chi Minh City you’ll be told that there are around 9,000,000 people within the city’s boundaries, but everyone I spoke to in the city put the population at between 13,000,000 and 15,000,000. The locals may be including suburbs that Google doesn’t consider but, even so, a difference of between 4,000,000 and 6,000,000 is still considerable.

No Problem With Old Names

The locals don’t mind if you call Ho Chi Minh city by its old (and pre-unification) name – Saigon. Quite a few hotels still have the “Saigon” in their name, and you’ll find the name on signs throughout the city.

a sign on a wall

Salaries Are Incredibly Low

The salary of an average office worker is between $250 and $300 per month, while the cost to rent a room towards the center of Ho Chi Minh City is generally over $300 per month. As you progress away from the center of the city the room rates drop but they’re still generally in the region of $200 to $250 per month.

Rental Costs Get Cheaper The Higher You Go In A Building

This is something that will be counter-intuitive for most people reading this post as in most parts of the world you pay a premium for a living space that’s high up and which offers a view….but not in Ho Chi Minh City.

In Ho Chi Minh City the more expensive rents are for ground floor properties while the higher floors are more affordable and there are some perfectly logical reasons for why this is so.

A room on the ground floor can be used as a dwelling and as a place of work (a storefront) so, as it can bring in an income, the rental cost is higher.

A property on a high floor will be hotter than a property on the ground floor (hot air rises, and the city is hot year-round) and so occupants will spend more money on electricity to keep themselves cool – a property with higher energy bills commands a lower rent in Ho Chi Minh City.

Living Conditions Aren’t Great For Most

Just like with most cities, Ho Chi Minh City has its wealthy and its poor but here the poor outnumber the wealthy (or well-off) to a massive degree. In the residential districts I visited most people were living as a family (3 generations) and in a single room measuring no more than 40 square meters (~430 square feet.)

a building with balconies and clothes on the balcony

Scooters Rule The City

There are over 8,000,000 scooters in Ho Chi Minh City and it will only take you a few hours after you arrive to discover that most of them are on the roads almost all of the time! Scooters are used for deliveries…

a person on a motorcycle with a lot of bags on it

…for the school run…

a group of people on a motorcycle

….for taking your rooster to market….

a man on a motorcycle with a bird on it

…as part of a ridesharing service…

two people riding a motorcycle

…as a take-out delivery service…

a person on a motorcycle

…or for a family day out…

a group of people riding a scooter

…and the riders have little time for any sort of driving discipline.

Driving Is Chaotic

I consider myself to be a pretty good driver and I’ve never come across somewhere that I wouldn’t at least attempt to navigate in a car…until now.

To be a driver in Ho Chi Minh City you need to be fearless, you need to have little regard for the law or other motorists, and you have to be a little crazy too – the whole experience is chaotic from start to finish.

Keeping in lanes is an alien concept to the drivers of Ho Chi Minh City, traffic lights are more of a suggestion than an instruction, road signs are an irrelevance (including those indicating a one-way street) and pedestrian crossings are there to be ignored. Driving here is a great example of Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” in action and any signs of weakness are exploited almost immediately – welcome to the Thunderdome!

Allow Plenty Of Time To Get Places

Not only does Ho Chi Minh city have crazy drivers but it has a lot of drivers too. The city has “rush hours” at the same times of day as most other cities, but the congestion is far, far worse….and the traffic is pretty bad at most other times of the day too. I’m not sure if it’s the vast number of vehicles or if it’s because people seem to pick and choose which traffic laws to obey but the traffic in Ho Chi Minh city is staggeringly bad. On my journey back from visiting the Cu Chi tunnels we arrived in the city at around 6pm and it then took a further 90 minutes to progress the 7 miles to my hotel – keep that in mind when making plans.

You Have To Re-Learn How To Be A Pedestrian

Most of us have grown up with parents teaching us how to stay safe when crossing roads and walking on sidewalks but in Ho Chi Minh City most of that knowledge is completely useless.

Scooters frequently use the sidewalks as their own little expressways so you cannot assume that you can relax when you’re at the side of a road…and parked scooters often block the sidewalks so you have to step out into the roads if you want to get where you’re going.

Because no one stops at pedestrian crossings and because a good percentage of drivers don’t appear to know what a red traffic light means you have to employ a somewhat unique technique when crossing the road in Ho Chi Minh City – you have to cross deliberately slowly.

Where in most parts of the world the best way to cross a busy road is to get to the other side as quickly as possible, in Ho Chi Minh City the best way to cross is to take your time. This gives the non-stopping scooters and cars more of a chance to avoid you.

If you’re walking slowly they can easily gauge where you’re going to be when they reach you and they can take appropriate evasive action…if you speed up you become far less predictable and there’s no knowing what will happen then.

The Authorities Are…Authoritarian

The locals may not pay much attention to the traffic laws but there are some rules that they know they shouldn’t break.

It’s easy to forget that Vietnam is still a Communist dictatorship (albeit one with a capitalist economy) and, as with most communist dictatorships, they love a good bit of nationalism. This was brought home to me when I noticed that, in honor of Chinese New Year, a lot of the residential districts had bunting made up of the Vietnamese flag and the Communist flag draped across the streets:

a row of flags with stars from a string

When I asked what these flags had to do with the Chinese new year (apart from the fact that they’re both primarily red), I was told that it was mandatory to put these flags out on all holidays and failure to do so would invite a visit from the police. This may be 2020 but the spirit of Eastern Europe of the 1960s still lives on.

Coffee Is Big In Vietnam

Vietnam is the 2nd largest coffee producer in the world after Brazil and comfortably ahead of the third-largest producer, Colombia – who knew??!!

I can’t ever remember looking at the coffee selection in a supermarket and seeing Vietnamese coffee as an option (it’s usually coffee from Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia or Indonesia) but coffee is a big deal in Vietnam.

Vietnamese Coffee Is Very Good

The coffee grown in Vietnam that I tasted made excellent espressos (not too bitter) and, as a result, it made excellent cappuccinos, lattes and flat whites…but it’s a drink called “Iced Vietnamese Coffee” that most caught my attention.

Iced Vietnamese Coffee is made with condensed milk, so it has a slightly sweet taste…but it’s still incredibly refreshing.

Beef Isn’t Part Of Any Truly Traditional Vietnamese Meal

You’ll find beef on offer in just about any restaurant or street market you choose to visit in Ho Chi Minh City, but pork and seafood are the only truly authentic “proteins” in Vietnamese food….and there’s a logical reason for this.

a group of people eating at a market

Historically, the people of Vietnam (and the people of the countries which now make up modern-day Vietnam) were highly dependent on agriculture to provide for themselves and their families, and the animals from which we get beef (cattle, oxen etc…) were of much more use as beasts of burden than as animals to eat.

While seafood and pigs were caught and bred almost entirely as sources of food, cattle and oxen were used in the fields and not as part of a family’s diet.

Bottom Line

I had a great time visiting a city and country that’s been on my list of places to visit for quite some time and between the things I saw and learned and the people I met and spoke to, I’ve been given a lot of new reasons to go back to Vietnam and see what other parts of the country offer.


  1. Those run down apartments might cost a lot more than you’d think. The city council has been trying to replace these old apartments for years, but people refuse to move out until they get the best offer. I believe the record is over $10K US dollars /square metre (~10 sq.feet). It’s a running joke that the owners are invisible millionaires! Things don’t always look as they seem is especially true in Saigon.

  2. Your part about the flags and “Chinese new year” is all wrong. Chinese new year outside of China is called “lunar new year” and is celebrated by the Vietnamese during a holiday called Tet. Your photo is just showing the Vietnamese flag displayed for the Vietnamese Tet holiday.

    • I think you may be missing the point. The point has less to do about what the flags are being up for and more about the fact that if flags aren’t put up on select holidays the authorities will come around to find out why.

      • I called b******t, maybe the north but the south pretty much relax on the law as I have visit during Yet holiday and not everyone is hanging the flag. You are require if you are with the Party and not everyone is in the Party. There is a fact that if you don’t have Ho Chi Minh picture display in your living room, you will have a visit by the authorities. Also, don’t ever call anyone or animal “the greatest,” only Grandpa Ho is the greatest. So yes, you are required to call Grandpa Ho and not his name like how Westerner call or risk sending to re-education camp.

      • The point is that calling Tet “Chinese New Year” would be offensive to a Vietnamese person. The holiday is called “Lunar New Year”.

        It’s not about missing a point – it’s about writing things that are factually accurate.

        0) You’re completely ignoring the holiday of Tet in the post and don’t understand the basic idea that Vietnamese don’t celebrate ‘Chinese New Year’
        1) It’s a moon/lunar new year not a country specific new year. Many countries observe it. Uninformed/uncultured people call it “Chinese New Year”.
        2) People put the flag up in fear of the police is wrong. No, it’s because Vietnamese people love Vietnam and that is their flag. It’s the same reason Americans put up a flag on 4th of July.

        • Considering I’m reporting what three Vietnamese national said to me (about the flags and calling the holiday Chinese New Year) I’m not sure what basis you have for any of your points.

          You may think that calling Tet Chinese New Year is offensive to Vietnamese people but all the Vietnamese people I spoke to (and who called it Chinese New Year) didn’t seem to be offended. Perhaps they called it that to keep things simple for a foreigner…but they definitely called it Chinese New Year.

          You may think that the authorities won’t come calling if flags aren’t put up for specific holidays but the 3 Vietnamese people I spoke to about it would disagree and, if it’s all the same to you, I’m going to choose to believe the people I spoke to in Vietnam.

            • Ah yes. The famous internet name calling. The go-to move of the internet troll when anyone dares to say something different to their world view. Classy.

              Go put some pants on, learn some manners, get out of your parents’ basement and go do something productive with your life…assuming you’re capable of any of that.

  3. Driving is actually not that bad, crazy, but predictable.
    Drive slowly and like you would swim in a river, no sudden changes and just slowly, steadily move into the direction you intended to end up.
    I had fun (Scooter)

  4. Recently visit. Becareful of Grab car when visit pink facade Chatholic church Nha tho Tan Dinh. Driver had magic hand stolen your money without your notice. Don’t show your money in front of driver.

  5. Before anyone visit and just read this blog, there are a few things out there I want to add.
    The reason there are at least 15 millions was because population is counted by where you are from and where you apply to lived. Everything must b reported to the authority and it took a long time for them to do anything and a hassle as they want money only. Imagine if you visit the city and live with your relative for 1 days only, you still have to report it to the nearest police station. You stay at the hotel, they have to report it for you.
    Car is for rich people, motorcycle is dirt cheap, you can buy one brand new for like 500 buck where as far is like 70000 for a Honda Civic, I kid you not. Thanks to their taxing law, so now everyone in the family buying like 2 scooter each.
    The old Saigon name is still used because we are Southerner, and everyone still remember the old name. If you are in the South, you said I want to go to “thành phố” which means city or Saigon, almost 90 percent will understand, the 10 percent is Northerner.
    Northerner control all the industry and high ranking, you hardly encounter a high rank official that is not Northern descendant, how? Their accent is different.
    The authorities treat local like crap and with hostility, they treat Chinese like king, and Western like first class citizen. You can test it out or read how fast they retrieve a stolen wallet for Westerner vs Viet citizen.
    Learn how to negotiate before buying anything, bargain down to below 50 percent and work it up a bit but never paid full price even if it is cheap, full price is only at reputable place and big supermarket like Lottemart, Vinmart and not at place Ben Thang market or An Dong market. If they don’t sell, walk away, don’t pretend like you want it as you may find a cheaper price down the hall.
    Always ask for price before you sit down to eat, they will and always try to over charge you, so try to learn the tourist police hot line so you can report the owner.
    Sometimes prepaid hotel are more like expensive than walk-in, there is no such thing as honor the system. Figure there are like millions of tourist per year, you may never come back. Only at big hotel chain do they honor the deal, otherwise the room wouldn’t be what you expect, so don’t expect too much.
    Don’t carry propaganda or hold meeting in large group without checking with local authorities, which mean more than 3. They won’t know if you do it in secret or just have a drink though. But thing like holding a company party or wedding event, please let them know, otherwise you risk losing money and the event shutdown. They did that to a lot of music event, and shut them down less than a week before the start of the event.
    You may wonder why Saigon feel poorer in infrastructure but there are lots of tourist and investment. Saigon is number 1 in city revenue ahead of Hanoi but like a corporate company, you send what you make to HQ like 90 percent and beg for some money back. You can enjoy more of that stories in Hanoi when riding the cab.
    Please respect the local in Quang Tri province where 17 parallel are divided, don’t be surprise by a lot of tomb by the street. The local there hate communist party, they got punish for doing nothing wrong. The local tour guide will tell you more, at least he tell us but he may not tell the foreigners. Just don’t praise the authoritatian government than it is all good.

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